Abdul Baki, A.A., and J.D. Anderson. 1973. Vigor determination in soybean Seed by multiple, Criteria. Crop Sci. 13: 630-633.
Afzal, A., N. Aslam, F. Mahmood, A. Hameed, S. Irfan, and G. Ahmad. 2006. Enhancement of germination and emergence of canola seeds by different priming Techniques. Garden depesquisa Bio. 16(1):19- 34.
Akrmyan, M., S.H. Hosseini, A. Kazeroni Monfared, and P. Rezvan Moghaddam. 2007. The effect of priming on germination and seedling growth of fennel. (In Persian, with English Abstract.) Iranian Journal of Crop. 5(1): 37 -46
Almasouri, M., J.M. Kinet, and S. Lutts. 2001. Effect of salt and osmotic stresses on germination in durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf). Plant and Soil. 231:243-254.
Arif, M. 2005. Effect of seed priming on emergence yield and storability of soybean. PhD thesis, NWFP Agriculture University, Peshawar.
Azarnivand, H., M. Abasi, and A. Enayati. 2010. Evaluation and Determination of the Best Hydro and Osmopriming Treatments for Germination Properties of Tall Wheatgrass (Agropyron elongatum). J. Range and Watershed Manage. 62(4): 431-444.
Baskin, C.C., and J.M. Baskin. 1988. Seeds, Ecology, Biogeography and Evolution of Dormancy and Germination. San Diego, USA, Academic Press.
Basra, S.M.A., I.A. Pannu, and I. Afzal. 2003. Evaluation of seedling vigour of hydro and matriprimed wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) seeds. Int. Agric. Biol. 5:121- 123.
Bradford, K.J. 1986. Manipulation of seed water relations via osmotic priming to improve germination under stress conditions. Hort. Sci. 21: 1105-1112.
Bradford, K.J. 1995. Water relations in seed germination. In: J. Kigel and G. Galili (eds.), seed development and germination. Marcel Dekker, New York. pp. 351 - 396.
Butler, C., E.M. Butler, and C. Orians. 2012. Native plant enthusiasm reaches new heights: Perceptions, evidence, and the future of green roofs. Urban ForUrban Green. 11: 1-10.
Cantliffe, D.J., J.M. Fischer, andT.A. Nell. 1984. Mechanism of seed-priming in circumventing thermodomance in lettuce. Plant Physiol.75:290-294.
Demir Kaya, M., G. Okcu, M. Atak, Y. Cikili, and O. Kolsarici. 2006. Seed treatments to overcome salt and drought stress during germination in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.). Europ. J. Agron. 24: 291-295
Demir, I., and H.A. Van De Venter. 1999. The effect of priming treatments on the performance of water melon (Citrillus lanatus (Thunb.) Matsum & Nakai) seeds under temperature and osmotic stress. Seed Sci. Technol. 27: 871–875.
Dianati Tilaki, G., B. Shakarami, M. Tabari, and B. Behtari. 2011. The effect of NaCl priming on germination and early growth of seeds of Festuca ovina L. under salinity stress conditions. (In Persian, with English Abstract.) Iranian Journal of Range and Desert Research. Vol. 18 No. 3.
Dianati Tilaki, G.A., B. Behtari, M.A. Alizadeh, and A.A. Jafari. 2010. Effect of Seed priming on germination and seedling growth of Festuca arundinacea Schreb and Agropyron desertorum (Fisch. ex Link) J.A. Schultes. 2. in press
Fathi Amirkhiz, K., H. Omidi, S. Heshmati, and L. Jafarzade. 2013. Effect of accelerator on the vigor and germination characteristics of black cumin (Nigella sativa L.) under salt stress. (In Persian, with English Abstract.) J. Iranian Field Crop Res. 10(2):299- 310.
Ghiyasi, M., A. Abasi Seyahjani, M. Tajbakhsh, R. Amirnia, and H. Salehzadeh. 2008. Effect of osmopriming with polyethylene glycol (8000) on germination and seedling growth of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) seeds under salt stress. J. Biol. Sci. 3 (10): 1249-1251.
Goggin, D.E., R.N. Emery, S.B. Powles, and K.J. Steadman. 2010. Initial characterisation of low and high seed dormancy populations of Lolium rigidum produced by repeated selection. J. Plant Physiol.167(15): 1282-1288.
Harris, D., A. Joshi, P.A. Khan, P. Gothkar, and P.S. Sodhi. 1999. On-farm seed priming in semiarid agriculture: development and evaluation in maize, rice and chickpea in India using participatory methods. Exp. Agric. 35, 15–29.
Heidari, N., and M. Pooryousef. 2011. Effect of seed priming with polyethylene glycol and sodium chloride on germination and growth indices of Pimpinella anisum L. (In Persian, with English Abstract.) Iranian Journal of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants. Vol. 27, No. 3.
Heydecker, W., and P. Coolbaer. 1977. Seed treatments for improved performance survey and attempted prognosis. Seed Sci. Technol. 5: 353-425.
Hilhorst, H.W.M. 1990. Dose-reponse analysis of factors involved in germination and secondary dormancy of seeds of Sisymbrium officinale.11. Nitrate. Plant Physiol. 94: 1096-1102.
Hilton, J. R., and J.A. Thomas. 1986. Regulation of pregerminative rates of zepiration in seeds of various seed species by potassium nitrate. J. Exp. Bot. 37: 1516-1524.
Kalhor, V., H.R. Mobasse., M.J. Mirhadi, and H.H. Sharif abed. 2009. Study of osmopriming effects on germination and features of several herbal seedling and oily plants cultivation. MSc agricultural. Islamic Azad University, Tehran Research and Science Unites.
Kaur, S., A.K. Gupta, and N. Kaur. 2002. Effect of osmo- and hydropriming of chickpea seeds on seedling growth and carbohydrate metabolism under water deficit stress. Plant Growth Regul. 37: 17-22.
Keshavarzi, M., M. Oshib Nataj, H. Shekarchi, and M. Akbarzadeh. 2014. Leaf anatomical study of Lolium species from Poaceae family in Iran. Plant Res. 26(4): 486-499.
Lampeter, W. 2003. Seed technology, translated by Hejazi, A., Tehran University Publications, 442p.
Lynch, J., and A. Lauchli. 1988. Salinity affects intracellular calcium in corn root protoplasts. Plant Physiol. 87: 351-356
Maguire, J.D. 1962. Speed of germination. aid in selection and evaluation for seedling emergence and vigour. Crop Sci. 2:176-177.
Massarat, N., A. Siadat, M. Sharafizadeh, and B. Habibi. 2014. The effect of priming on germination and growth of maize hybrid SC704in drought and salinity stress condition. Plant Ecophysiol. 5(15): 13-25. (In Persian, with English Abstract.)
Michel, B.E. 1983. Evaluation of the water potentials of solutions of polyethene glycol 8000 both in the absence and presence of other solutes. Plant Physiol. 71:66-70
Mobin, S. 1979. Iran Flora. Vol. 1. Tehran University Press, Tehran, Iran.
Mohammadzadeh, Z. 2014. Effect of seed priming on morphological characteristics, yield and active substances of Calendula Officinalis L. under salt stress. MSc thesis, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Faculty of Agriculture.
Nascimento, W.M., and F.A.S. Aragao. 2004. Muskmelon seed priming in relation to seed vigor Sci. Agricola. 61(1):114-117.
Nelson, C.P. 2000. Water potential: The key to successful seed priming. Decagon Devices, Inc. AN4101-10.
Parsa, A. 1950. Flora de 1'Iran. Vol. 5. Publication du ministere de 'education. Museum de historie Naturele de Tehran.
Pazdera, J., and V. Hosnedl. 2002. Effect of hydration treatments on seed parameters of different lettuce (Lactuca sativa L.) seed lots. Hort. Sci. 29: 12-16.
Pessarakli, M., and D.M. Kopec. 2008. Comparing Growth Responses of Selected Cool-Season Turf grasses under Salinity and Drought Stresses. Turf grass, Landscape and Urban IPM Research Summary, 55-60.
Rivas, M., F.J. Sundstrom, and R.L. Edwards. 1989. Germination and crop development of hot pepper after seed priming. Hortic. Sci.19:279-281.
Saeedi Pooya, E., A. Tehranifar, M. Shoor, Y. Selahvarzi, and H. Ansari. 2013. The use of native turf mixtures to approach sustainable lawn in urban landscapes. Urban For Urban Green. 12(4):532-536.
Sanchez, A., B.C. Munoz, and J. Fresneda. 2001. Combine effects of hardening hydration dehydration and heat shock treatments on the germination of tomato, pepper and cucumber. Seed Sci. Technol. 29:691-697.
Sehatniaki, N. 1969. Feed cover of Iran in Q Landan herbarium. Shahid Chamran university press. Ahwaz.
Shakarami, B., G.H. Dianati Tilaki, M. Tabari, and B. Behtari. 2011. The effect of priming treatments on salinity tolerance of Festuca arundinacea Schreb and Festuca ovina L. seeds during germination and early growth. (In Persian, with English Abstract.) Iranian Journal of Rangelands and Forests Plant Breeding and Genetic Research. Vol. 18, No. 2.
Simmons, M., M. Bertelsen, S. Windhager, and H. Zafian. 2011. The performance of native and non-native turf grass monocultures and native turf grass polycultures: An ecological approach to sustainable lawns. Ecol. Eng., 37: 1095-1103.
Soltani, A., M. Ghalipoor, and E. Zeinali. 2006. Seed reserve utilization and seedling of wheat as affected by drought and salinity. (In Persian, with English Abstract.) J. Environ. Exp. Bot. 55: 195-200.
Steadman, K.J., G.P. Bignell, and A.J. Ellery. 2003. Field assessment of thermal after-ripening time for Dormancy release prediction in annual ryegrass (Lolium rigidum) seeds. Weed Res. 43: 458-465.