Adebisi, M.A. 2009. Stability analysis of seed germination and field emergence performance of tropical rain-fed sesame genotypes. Report and Opinion, 1-8.
Bennett, M. 2001. Seed vigor and vigor tests. P. 165-191. In L.O. Copeland and M.B. McDonald (ed.) Principles of seed science and technology. 4rd ed. Springer Science Business Media, New York
Bewley, J.D., K. Bradford, H. Hilhorst, and H. Nonogaki, 2013. Seeds Physiology of Development, Germination and Dormancy. 3rd ed. 392p.
Buckley, W.T., R.B. Irrine, K.E. Buckley, and R.H. Elliott, 1998. Canola seed vigour ethanol test. Agron. J. 81: 150-156.
Carmody, P. 2001. Profitable canola production in the great southern and lakes district. Agriculture Western Australia. 4411(2): 1-18.
Demir, I., T. Celikkol, G. Sari Kumis, and C. Eksi, 2011. Vigor tests to estimate seedling emergence potential and longevity in Viola seed lots. Hortic. Sci. 46: 402–405.
Demir, I., S. Ermis, K. Mavi, and S. Matthews, 2008. Mean germination time of pepper seed lots (Capsicum annuum L.) predicts size and uniformity of seedlings in germination tests and transplant modules. Seed Sci. Technol. 36: 21-31.
Desai, B.B. 2004. Seeds Handbook, Biology, Production, Processing and Storage. Marcel Dekker, Inc., New York, U.S.A.
Food and Agriculture Organization. 2007. Data stat year. 2006. FAO. Rome.
Food and Agriculture Organization. 2013. Data stat year. 2012. FAO. Rome.
Grassbough, E.M., and M.A. Bennett, 1998. Factors affecting vegetable stand establishment. Sci. Agric. 55: 116-120.
Guy, P.A., and M. Black, 1998. Germination-related proteins in wheat revealed by differences in seed vigour. Seed Sci. Res. 8: 99-111.
Hampton, J.G. 2003. Methods of viability and vigour testing: a critical and appracial. In: pp. 81-118. Basra, A. S. (ed.), Seed Quality, Basic Mechanisms and Agricultural Implications. CBS Publishers and Distributers, New Delhi, India.
Hampton, J.G., and D.M. Tekrony, 1995. Handbook of Vigour Test Methods. 3rd Eds, ISTA, Zurich, Switzerland.
ISTA. 2011. International Rules for Seed Testing. International Seed Testing Association, Bassersdorf, Switzerland.
Khajeh-Hosseini, M., A. Lomholt, and S. Matthews, 2009. Mean germination time in the laboratory estimates the relative vigour and field performance of commercial seed lots of maize (Zea mays L.). Seed Sci. Technol. 37: 446–456.
Khajeh-Hosseini, M., M. Nasehzadeh, and S. Matthews, 2010. Rate of physiological germination relates to the percentage of normal seedlings in standard germination tests of naturally aged seed lots of oilseed rape. Seed Sci. Technol. 38: 602–611.
Khani-nejad, S., and M. Khajeh- Hosseini1, 2009. Effects of salinity on germination of four ecotypes of Kochia scoparia L. Journal of Agroecology. 1(2): 19-28.
Kibinza S., D, Vinel, D. Come, C. Bailly, and F. Corbineau, 2006. Sunflower seed deterioration as related to moisture content during ageing, energy metabolism and active oxygen species scavenging. Physiol. Plant. 128 (3): 496–506.
Labuschangne. M.T., T.N. Mamuya, and F.P. Koekemoeri, 2002. Canonical variate analysis of bread making quality characteristics in irrigated spring wheat (Triticum aestivum). Cereal Res. Comm. 30 (1/2): 195-201.
Matthews, S. and M. Khajeh-Hosseini, 2006. Mean germination time as an indicator of emergence performance in soil of seed lots of maize (Zea mays). Seed Sci.Technol. 34: 361–369
Matthews, S., and M. Khajeh-Hosseini, 2007. Length of the lag period of germination and metabolic repair explain vigour differences in seed lots of maize (Zea mays). Seed Sci. Technol. 35: 200–212.
Matthews, S., and A. Powell, 2011. Towards automated single counts of radicle emergence to predict seed and seedling vigour. Seed Sci. 142: 44-48.
Matthews, S., M.H. Wagner, A. Ratzenboeck, M. Khajeh-Hosseini, E. Casarini, R. El-Khadem, M. El Yakhlifi, and A.A. Powell, 2012. Evaluation of early counts of radicle emergence during germination as a repeatable and reproducible vigour test for maize. ISTA Method Validation Reports. 30- 46.
McDonald, M.B. 1999. Seed deterioration: physiology, repair and assessment. Seed Sci. Technol. 27: 177– 237.
Ministry of Agriculture Jihad. 2015. Agricultural Statistics.Ministry of Agriculture Jihad, Planning and Economic Department, Center for Information and Communication Technology. 1:82-86. (In Persian).
Naseh-zadeh, M. 2007. The effect of natural ageing on the germination and seed vigour of oilseed rape (Brassica napus L.) seeds used in Iran. M.Sc. thesis. Department of Crop Science. University of Ferdowsi, Mashhad, Iran. (In Persian, with English Abstract).
Nonogaki, H., G.W. Bassel, and J.D. Bewley, 2010. Germination-still a mystery. Plant Sci. 179: 574–81.
Osborne, D.J. 1983. Biochemical control systems operating in the early hours of germination. Can. J. Bot. 61: 3568–3577.
Powell, A.A., and S. Matthews, 1984. Application of the controlled deterioration vigour test to detect seed lots of Brussels sprouts with low potential for storage under commercial conditions. Seed Sci. Technol. 12: 649-657.
Roberts, E.H., and K. Osei-Bonsu, 1988. Seed and seedling vigour. p. 879-910. In R. J. Summerfield (ed.) World Crops: Cool Season Food legumes. Kluwer Academic Publishers, Dordrecht, the Netherlands.
Sun, Q., J. Wang, and B. Sun. 2007. Advances on seed vigor physiology and genetic mechanisms. Agric. Sci. China. 6 (9): 1060-1066.
Tekrony, D.M., and D.B. Egli, 1991. Relationship of seed vigour to crop yield: A review. Crop Sci. 31: 816-822.
Vasquez-Ramos, J.M., and M.D.L. Sanchez, 2003. The cell cycle and seed germination. Seed Sci. Res. 13: 113–130.
Wheeler, T.R., and R.H. Ellis, 1991. Seed quality, cotyledon elongation at suboptimal temperatures and the yield of onion. Seed Sci. Res. 1: 57-67.
Yanegh, A.J. 2010. Assessment of seed quality of oilseed rape cultivars sown in Razavi and Nourthern Khorasan Provinces. M.Sc thesis. Department of Crop Science. University of Ferdowsi, Mashhad, Iran. (In Persian, with English Abstract).